Partner 15 - MetO
UK MetOffice (MetO)
Expertise and experience of the organization
The Met Office has well over 20 years of world-leading
expertise in climate modelling. Currently 150 scientists research climate
science in the Met Office’s Hadley Centre for Climate Change. The fields
represented include climate monitoring, climate modelling, climate variability,
quantifying uncertainty, understanding climate change, and climate-chemistry-ecosystem
feedbacks. Research on atmospheric composition and climate includes global
modelling of aerosol and gas-phase reactive chemical constituents. The focus
here is on the direct and indirect radiative and climate impacts of these
constituents through their interactions with clouds, terrestrial and ocean
ecosystems and the land surface. The atmospheric composition team are currently
participating in the EU projects EUCAARI, ACCENT and GEMS.
Role and contribution
The Met Office will co-lead WP6 and will contribute
significantly to WP5. In WP6 the Met Office will lead the work on global
climate effects of megacities and will contribute with its HadGEM2 climate
model which includes the UKCA package of interactive aerosols and reactive
gases. In WP5 the Met Office will contribute to tasks 5.5 and 5.6.
Principal personnel involved
Dr. William Collins - Graduated from the
University of Cambridge with a degree in Natural Sciences and a PhD in Particle
Physics. He holds an MSc in Weather and Climate from the University of Reading.
He has worked in the Met Office for since 1993 and with others built the
Met Office tropospheric chemistry transport model. He is involved in the
EU EUCAARI project and has previously been involved in STACCATO. He has contributed
as a co-author to the IPCC third assessment report, and as an expert reviewer
to the IPCC forth assessment report. He has authored, or co-authored over
40 peer-reviewed papers.
Selected relevant publications
Dr. Olivier Boucher - Olivier Boucher gained a PhD in Physics
in 1995 and an Habilitation in Physics in 2003. He was a junior scientist
at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) from 1996 to 2005.
He is now a senior scientist at the CNRS on secondment to the Met Office
which he joined in 2005 as Head of the “Climate, Chemistry, Ecosystems” team.
His main speciality is the study of the climatic effects of aerosols in relation
to radiation and clouds. Olivier has been a lead author in the IPCC Special
Report on Aviation and the Global Atmosphere and the IPCC Working Group I
Third Assessment Report.
Dr. Michael Sanderson, - D.Phil in Atmospheric Chemistry (1994)
has published over 20 articles in peer-reviewed literature in the field of
atmospheric chemistry. Research work has included, modelling of global trace
gas concentrations, and atmosphere-biosphere interactions. The impact of
climate change on these processes is also a major feature of his research
work. Has participated in several international projects, ACCENT Photocomp,
TF HTAP and Greencycles. Has also worked on contracts with the UK Defra,
using various model experiments to answer policy-relevant questions concerning
possible emission changes and related air quality changes.
M. Shekar Reddy - Areas of interest include the emissions inventory
development, and modelling of atmospheric transport of aerosols and their
climate impacts from regional to global scales. He has expertise in
development technology of based emissions inventories for the south Asian
region and regional climate impacts. He is a contributor to international
aerosol intercomparison project.
Boucher, O., et al., DMS atmospheric concentrations
and sulphate aerosol indirect radiative forcing: a sensitivity study to the
DMS source representation and oxidation, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics,
3, 49-65, 2003.
Collins, W.J., M.G. Sanderson, C.E. Johnson, (2007) Impact of increasing
ship emissions on air quality and deposition over Europe by 2030. (submitted
to Meterol. Z.)
Collins, W.J., Stevenson, D.S., Johnson, C.E. and Derwent, R.G., (2000).The
European regional ozone distribution and its links with the global scale
for the years 1992 and 2015, Atmos. Environ., 34, 255-267.
Reddy, M. S., O. Boucher, N. Bellouin, M. Schulz, Y. Balkanski, J.-L. Dufresne
and M. Pham, Estimates of global multi-component aerosol optical depth and
direct radiative perturbation in the Laboratoire de Meteorologie Dynamique
general circulation model, J. Geophys Res 110, D10S16, doi:10.1029/2004JD004757,
Reddy, M. S., and O. Boucher, (2007) Climate Impact of Black Carbon emitted
from Energy Consumption in the World’s Regions, Geophysical Research Letters,
Sanderson, M. G., Collins, W. J., Johnson, C. E., and Derwent, R. G., 2006:
Present and future acid deposition to ecosystems: The effect of climate change.
Atmos. Environ., 40, 1275-1283.
FP7 EC MEGAPOLI, 2008-2011