Partner 10 - KCL
King's College London (KCL)
Expertise and experience of the organization
King’s College London (KCL) is England’s fourth-oldest
university institution and is renowned for excellence in both research and
teaching. A multi-faculty university college based in the heart of London,
King’s has 19,300 students, of whom more than 6,200 are postgraduates. KCL
is dedicated to the advancement of knowledge, learning & understanding
in the service of society. KCL has nine schools of study; Biomedical
& Health Sciences; Dental Institute; Humanities; Law; Medicine; Florence
Nightingale School of Nursing & Midwifery; Physical Sciences & Engineering;
Institute of Psychiatry; Social Science & Public Policy. The two groups
contributing to this project are from the Environmental Monitoring and Modelling
Group (EMM), Department of Geography and the Environmental Research Group
(ERG), School of Biomedical and Health Sciences. The London Air Quality
Network is housed in the ERG. EMM has expertise in thermal remotes sensing,
GIS, monitoring and modelling.
Role and contribution
KCL will coordinate WP2 and participate in WP1, involved
in urban processes parameterisations and urban surface energy budget modelling,
studies for the megacity of London.
Principal personnel involved
Prof. Sue Grimmond - graduated from the
Univ. of Otago (New Zealand) with a BSc (Hons). She received her MSc and
PhD from Univ. of British Columbia (Canada) DSc (h.c.) Göteborg University.
She is an elected Fellow of American Meteorological Society. Prior to coming
to the UK in December 2006 she was a Assis./Assoc./Full Prof. at Indiana
University (USA). She currently is Prof. and Chair of Physical Geography
at King’s College London. She has carried out urban flux measurements in
8 countries (North America: Canada, Mexico, US; Europe: France, Poland, Sweden,
UK, Africa: Burkina Faso) to support her numerical modelling work (energy
and water exchanges in urban areas). She is currently the lead expert for
the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Expert Team on ‘Urban and Building
Climatology’. She is Past-President of the International Association for
Selected relevant publications
Prof. Martin Wooster - joined the Department of Geography
in 1998 on a lectureship funded by the NERC Earth Observation Science Initiative
(one of four such lectureships awarded nationally in the UK). In 2005 he
was appointed Prof. at KCL, where he currently heads the Environmental Monitoring
and Modelling Research Group, consisting of ten full time academic staff
and associated researchers. He holds a BSc in Physics (Bristol) and an MSc
in Remote Sensing (University of London), with a PhD in Earth Sciences (Open
University) that concentrated on the thermal remote sensing of active volcanoes.
Prior to joining KCL Martin worked at the Natural Resources Institute, at
that time part of the UK Department for International Development (DfID),
where his work focused on the development of Earth Observation as part of
the suite of methods used for environmental monitoring in developing countries.
This area of work remains a particular interest, as does the use of infrared
and thermal remote sensing approaches and their application to a wide variety
of environmental investigations. He has published in excess of 40 papers
in peer-reviewed journals on these subjects and sits on steering committees
of the NERC Field Spectroscopy Facility and the NERC Airborne Remote Sensing
Facility. Recent work in collaboration with others at KCL includes the determination
of sensible heat flux and other related parameters in urban areas from hyper
spectral remote sensing data.
Prof. Frank Kelly - holds the chair in Environmental Health
at King’s College London and is Director of the Environmental Research Group.
For the last 10 years he has addressed the mechanisms underlying air pollution
related lung injury focusing on events occurring within the respiratory tract
lining fluid compartment of the lung. He is involved with a number of EU
projects including HEPMEAP and until earlier this year coordinated a MRC
Cooperative Group investigating the mechanistic basis of particulate air
pollution toxicity. In addition to his research activity he is an active
in a number of scientific bodies. He is recent past President of the Society
for Free Radical Research (Europe) for which he also served as Treasurer
for 6 years. He is currently a trustee and Board member of International
Society for Free Radical Research, a member of ESCODD (European Standardisation
Committee on Oxidative DNA Damage) and EUROFEDA (European Research on Functional
Effects of Dietary Antioxidants. In addition to his academic work Prof. Kelly
has been involved in providing policy support advice to a number of expert
bodies. He has advised the World Health Organization Air Pollution Advisory
Board on PM10, O3 and NO2 and participated in the WHO air quality guideline
global update in 2005. He is a member of EPAQS – the UK Expert Panel on Air
Quality Standards and he chairs the Air Pollution Research in London (APRIL)
MSc. Sean Beevers - graduated with an engineering degree (Trent
Polytechnic) and an MSc, in Atmospheric Sciences (Univ. of East Anglia),
and is currently studying for a PhD at King’s College London. Sean has more
than 10 years experience with air pollution measurement, emissions and air
pollution modelling in London and currently manages key London projects including:
London Atmospheric Emissions Inventory (LAEI) for the Greater London Authority;
Congestion Charging Impacts assessment for Transport for London; impacts
of the Western Extension to the CZ and most recently the phased assessment
of the proposed London Low Emission Zone. Sean has submitted evidence to
the Greater London Assembly, been a member of the research committee looking
at air pollution predictions of NOX and NO2 for DEFRA and was a member of
the Department for Transport project for the Sustainable Development of Heathrow.
Beevers, S. D., Carslaw, D. C., (2005): The
impact of congestion charging on vehicle speed and its implications for assessing
vehicle emissions. Atmospheric Environment, 39, 6875-6884.
Beevers, S. D., Carslaw, D. C., (2005): The impact of congestion charging
on vehicle emissions in London. Atmospheric Environment, 39, 1-5.
Grimmond CSB, TR Oke (2002): Turbulent heat fluxes in urban areas: Observations
and local-scale urban meteorological parameterization scheme (LUMPS). J.
of Applied Meteorology, 41, 792-810.
Offerle B, CSB Grimmond, K Fortuniak, W. Pawlak (2006): Intra-urban differences
of surface energy fluxes in a central European city. J. of Applied Meteorology
and Climatology, 45, 125–136.
Offerle B, CSB Grimmond, K Fortuniak, K Kłysik, TR Oke (2006): Temporal variations
in heat fluxes over a central European city centre. Theoretical and
Applied Climatology. 84,103-116.
FP7 EC MEGAPOLI, 2008-2011