Partner 10 - KCL (UK)
King's College London (KCL)

Expertise and experience of the organization
King’s College London (KCL) is England’s fourth-oldest university institution and is renowned for excellence in both research and teaching. A multi-faculty university college based in the heart of London, King’s has 19,300 students, of whom more than 6,200 are postgraduates. KCL is dedicated to the advancement of knowledge, learning & understanding in the service of society.  KCL has nine schools of study; Biomedical & Health Sciences; Dental Institute; Humanities; Law; Medicine; Florence Nightingale School of Nursing & Midwifery; Physical Sciences & Engineering; Institute of Psychiatry; Social Science & Public Policy. The two groups contributing to this project are from the Environmental Monitoring and Modelling Group (EMM), Department of Geography and the Environmental Research Group (ERG), School of Biomedical and Health Sciences.  The London Air Quality Network is housed in the ERG. EMM has expertise in thermal remotes sensing, GIS, monitoring and modelling.

Role and contribution

KCL will coordinate WP2 and participate in WP1, involved in urban processes parameterisations and urban surface energy budget modelling, studies for the megacity of London.

Principal personnel involved
Prof. Sue Grimmond - graduated from the Univ. of Otago (New Zealand) with a BSc (Hons). She received her MSc and PhD from Univ. of British Columbia (Canada) DSc (h.c.) Göteborg University. She is an elected Fellow of American Meteorological Society. Prior to coming to the UK in December 2006 she was a Assis./Assoc./Full Prof. at Indiana University (USA). She currently is Prof. and Chair of Physical Geography at King’s College London. She has carried out urban flux measurements in 8 countries (North America: Canada, Mexico, US; Europe: France, Poland, Sweden, UK, Africa: Burkina Faso) to support her numerical modelling work (energy and water exchanges in urban areas). She is currently the lead expert for the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Expert Team on ‘Urban and Building Climatology’. She is Past-President of the International Association for Urban Climate.
Prof. Martin Wooster  - joined the Department of Geography in 1998 on a lectureship funded by the NERC Earth Observation Science Initiative (one of four such lectureships awarded nationally in the UK). In 2005 he was appointed Prof. at KCL, where he currently heads the Environmental Monitoring and Modelling Research Group, consisting of ten full time academic staff and associated researchers. He holds a BSc in Physics (Bristol) and an MSc in Remote Sensing (University of London), with a PhD in Earth Sciences (Open University) that concentrated on the thermal remote sensing of active volcanoes. Prior to joining KCL Martin worked at the Natural Resources Institute, at that time part of the UK Department for International Development (DfID), where his work focused on the development of Earth Observation as part of the suite of methods used for environmental monitoring in developing countries. This area of work remains a particular interest, as does the use of infrared and thermal remote sensing approaches and their application to a wide variety of environmental investigations. He has published in excess of 40 papers in peer-reviewed journals on these subjects and sits on steering committees of the NERC Field Spectroscopy Facility and the NERC Airborne Remote Sensing Facility. Recent work in collaboration with others at KCL includes the determination of sensible heat flux and other related parameters in urban areas from hyper spectral remote sensing data.
Prof. Frank Kelly - holds the chair in Environmental Health at King’s College London and is Director of the Environmental Research Group. For the last 10 years he has addressed the mechanisms underlying air pollution related lung injury focusing on events occurring within the respiratory tract lining fluid compartment of the lung. He is involved with a number of EU projects including HEPMEAP and until earlier this year coordinated a MRC Cooperative Group investigating the mechanistic basis of particulate air pollution toxicity. In addition to his research activity he is an active in a number of scientific bodies. He is recent past President of the Society for Free Radical Research (Europe) for which he also served as Treasurer for 6 years. He is currently a trustee and Board member of International Society for Free Radical Research, a member of ESCODD (European Standardisation Committee on Oxidative DNA Damage) and EUROFEDA (European Research on Functional Effects of Dietary Antioxidants. In addition to his academic work Prof. Kelly has been involved in providing policy support advice to a number of expert bodies. He has advised the World Health Organization Air Pollution Advisory Board on PM10, O3 and NO2 and participated in the WHO air quality guideline global update in 2005. He is a member of EPAQS – the UK Expert Panel on Air Quality Standards and he chairs the Air Pollution Research in London (APRIL) Health committee.
MSc. Sean Beevers - graduated with an engineering degree (Trent Polytechnic) and an MSc, in Atmospheric Sciences (Univ. of East Anglia), and is currently studying for a PhD at King’s College London. Sean has more than 10 years experience with air pollution measurement, emissions and air pollution modelling in London and currently manages key London projects including: London Atmospheric Emissions Inventory (LAEI) for the Greater London Authority; Congestion Charging Impacts assessment for Transport for London; impacts of the Western Extension to the CZ and most recently the phased assessment of the proposed London Low Emission Zone. Sean has submitted evidence to the Greater London Assembly, been a member of the research committee looking at air pollution predictions of NOX and NO2 for DEFRA and was a member of the Department for Transport project for the Sustainable Development of Heathrow.
Selected relevant publications
Beevers, S. D., Carslaw, D. C., (2005): The impact of congestion charging on vehicle speed and its implications for assessing vehicle emissions. Atmospheric Environment, 39, 6875-6884.
Beevers, S. D., Carslaw, D. C., (2005): The impact of congestion charging on vehicle emissions in London. Atmospheric Environment, 39, 1-5.
Grimmond CSB, TR Oke (2002): Turbulent heat fluxes in urban areas: Observations and local-scale urban meteorological parameterization scheme (LUMPS). J. of Applied Meteorology, 41, 792-810.
Offerle B, CSB Grimmond, K Fortuniak, W. Pawlak (2006): Intra-urban differences of surface energy fluxes in a central European city. J. of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 45, 125–136.
Offerle B, CSB Grimmond, K Fortuniak, K Kłysik, TR Oke (2006): Temporal variations in heat fluxes over a central European city centre. Theoretical  and  Applied Climatology. 84,103-116.

FP7 EC MEGAPOLI, 2008-2011