Partner 9 - ICTP
The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical
Expertise and experience of the organization
Founded in 1964 by Abdus Salam (Nobel Laureate), the
ICTP operates under the aegis of two United Nations Agencies: UNESCO (United
Nations Organization for Education, Science and Culture) and IAEA (International
Atomic Energy Agency), and is regularized by a seat agreement with the Government
of Italy, which provides the major part of the Centre's funding. The main
aim of the ICTP is to foster the growth of advanced studies and research
in physical and mathematical sciences, especially in developing countries.
ICTP acts as an international forum for scientific contacts between scientists
from all countries. It provides facilities to conduct original research to
its visitors, Assoc.s and fellows. On average, ICTP welcomes 3600 scientists
a year. Over 50% of the scientists who have attended the ICTP activities
since 1964 came from developing countries; until now, 150 nations and 45
international organizations have been represented. The main research fields
of interest at ICTP are: Mathematics, Physics of Condensed Matter, Physics
of High and Intermediate Energies, Earth System Physics, Physics of the Living
State, Digital Communications and Computer Networking. The Earth System Physics
section (ESP) was established in 2005 and conducts research on regional climate
modelling, anthropogenic climate change, natural climate variability, chemistry-climate
interactions, biosphere-atmosphere interactions, seismology, physics of the
lithosphere, earthquake prediction. The ESP maintains and develops a state-of-the-art
regional climate model (RegCM). This model was developed during the
last decade and has been used for a wide variety of applications, from
paleo climate to possible future climate simulations at the regional scale.
The RegCM has been applied to a wide range of regions in the globe (Europe
and Mediterranean Basin, US, Sub-Saharan Africa, Central, East and South
Asia, South America) and has been run at horizontal grid intervals of 20-100
km. It has capability of interactive coupling to an aerosol model and
to a one dimensional lake model. The RegCM is currently used by a wide range
of users, including many from developing countries. The ESP is currently
participating in EU projects (ENSEMBLES, CECILIA, WATCH) and is involved
in projects proposed for the Italian National Climate Research Program. The
ESP has access to the supercomputing facilities of CINECA.
Role and contribution
ICTP will use RegCM3 (Regional Climate Model
Version 3) coupled with aerosol module. The top-of-atmosphere radiative direct
and indirect forcings and related climatic effects will be calculated online
by RegCM3. The analysis of climate effects will include variables such as
temperature, clouds, precipitation, circulation and the surface hydrological
cycle, as well as radiation-aerosol interactions and cloud-aerosol interactions.
The regional model simulations will focus on the European region and one
extra-European domain, either Asia or Central America. Sets of regional simulations
are planned, each of 10-20 years length, and the simulation period will include
the special observing period planned in WP5. Each set will include
three simulations, one without aerosol effects (control run), and the others
including aerosol effects in uncoupled and coupled mode. Lateral chemical
boundary conditions will be obtained from corresponding global model simulations
(WP5 and WP6).
Principal personnel involved
Dr. Filippo Giorgi (Prof.; Ph: +39 040
2240 425; Fax: +39-040–2240449, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org) - is currently
a senior scientist in ICTP and head of ESP, which he joined in May 1998.
He obtained a Ph.D. in atmospheric sciences from the Georgia Insititutte
of Technology in June of 1986, and worked as a scientist at NCAR (Boulder,
CO, USA) from 1986 to 1998. He co-authored over 140 refereed publications
and was an investigator in over 20 research grants in the U.S. and Europe.
He pioneered the field of regional climate modelling, for which he has over
20 years of working experience. Other research experience and interests include
global climate, mesoscale and aerosol modelling, biosphere-atmosphere and
chemistry-climate interactions, climate change and variability (focus on
the regional scale.)
Selected relevant publications
Dr. Ashraf Zakey (PhD; Ph:+39-040-2240-385, Fax:
+39-040–2240449, e-mail:email@example.com and firstname.lastname@example.org) - is director
of air pollution department, Egyptian Meteorological Authority, Cairo-Egypt,
currently he is visiting scientist researcher in ICTP. Since 1992 he
worked as a scientist at the Egyptian Meteorological Authority(EMA). He obtained
a Ph.D. in atmospheric sciences from the Cairo University in September
of 2001. He has long experience with Air pollution modelling and climate
related issues. He implemented the desert dust and sea-salt nature aerosols
in regional Climate model (RegCM) and their feedback on climate. Also, he
has experiences in the multiphase chemistry – Heterogeneous chemistry and
secondary organic aerosols. He got two post doctoral research periods
at Environment Canada ( Air Quality Branch ) and Gothenburg University-Sweden.
Giorgi, F. Bi, X., Qian, Y, Direct radiative
forcing and regional climatic effects of anthropogenic aerosols over East
Asia: Aregional coupled climate-chemistry/aerosol model study. J. Geophys.
Res., 107, 4439, doi:10.1029/2001JD001066.
Giorgi, F., Bi, X. Q., Qian, Y. (2003): Indirect vs. direct effects of anthropogenic
sulfate on the climate of east Asia as simulated with a regional Coupled
climate-chemistry/aerosol model, Climatic Change, 58, 345-376.
Solmon, F., Giorgi, F., Liousse, C., (2006): Aerosol modelling for regional
climate studies: Application to anthropogenic particles and evaluation over
a European/African domain, Tellus B, 15 58(1), 51–72..
Zakey, A. S., F. Solmon, F. Giorgi, (2006): Implementation and testing of
a desert dust module in a regional climate model, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6,
FP7 EC MEGAPOLI, 2008-2011