Partner 3 - MPIC (Germany) - Co-coordinator
Max Planck Institute for Chemistry

Expertise and experience of the organization
The Max Planck Institute for Chemistry was established in Mainz in 1949, and focuses on the chemistry of the atmosphere, particle chemistry, biogeochemistry, remote sensing for Earth systems sciences, and chemistry of the geosphere. Prof. Jos Lelieveld leads the atmospheric chemistry department. The modelling group, led by Dr. Mark Lawrence, has many years of experience in global tropospheric, stratospheric, and mesospheric chemistry modelling, chemistry-climate coupling, support and analysis of field campaigns, and satellite data analysis.

Role and contribution

MPIC will co-coordinate the project and will participate in WP 1, 5, 6 and 8, providing global model simulations of the impacts of megacities on atmospheric composition and climate, collaborating on the development of emissions datasets for sensitivity and scenario studies, and on the interpretation of scenario runs for evaluating mitigation strategies, as well as working actively towards the dissemination of the results to the scientific community and stakeholders (public and policy makers).

Principal personnel involved
Dr. Mark Lawrence, who will act as the PI for MEGAPOLI, received his Ph.D. in Earth and Atmospheric Sciences in 1996 from the Georgia Institute of Technology (main thesis advisor: Prof. Paul J. Crutzen). From 2000-2005 he led an independent junior research group at the MPIC, funded by the German Ministry (BMBF), which focused on modelling studies of tropical tropospheric photochemistry. Since 2006 he has led the modelling group of the Department of Atmospheric Chemistry. Dr. Lawrence has several years of experience in the development of photochemical models, being one of the co-developers of the Model of Atmospheric Transport and Chemistry (MATCH), and has also been involved in using models to plan and analyze field campaigns.  He has over 80 (co)authored publications, including a couple recent papers on aspects of pollution from megacities.  A current postdoc in his group, Dr. Tim Butler, would perform most of the funded work within MEGAPOLI.
Prof. Jos Lelieveld graduated in the Netherlands at Leiden University from the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences (1984), and has a Ph.D. from the Faculty of Physics and Astronomy at Utrecht University (1990). He was a scientist at the MPIC from 1987-1993, a professor at Wageningen University from 1993-1996 and at Utrecht University from 1996-2000, and has been director at the MPIC since 2000. His research interests concentrate on the processes that control ozone and other photo-oxidants in the troposphere.
Prof. Thomas Wagner led the satellite remote sensing group in the Institute for Environmental Physics at the University of Heidelberg until 2006, when he came to the MPIC to lead the newly formed satellite remote sensing group there.  He has many years of experience in developing new retrieval algorithms for IR/Vis/UV satellite instruments, especially GOME and SCIAMACHY, and is the author of numerous papers applying these data to understand current issues in tropospheric pollution, such as the outflow from major urban regions, and trends in pollution levels. 
Prof. Stephan Borrmann is director of the Particle Chemistry Department of MPIC in Mainz, which has developed an extensive capability for making in-situ aerosol measurements, including a mobile laboratory.  This group has expressed an interest in participating in the Paris plume field campaign on institute or national funding, if possible.
Prof. Paul J. Crutzen (Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1995) was director of the Atmospheric Chemistry Department of the MPIC in Mainz until summer 2000 and since then he is Prof. Emeritus at MPIC. He will be on the advisory board for the project.

Selected relevant publications
Lawrence, M. G., T. M. Butler, J. Steinkamp, B. R. Gurjar, J. Lelieveld, (2006): Regional pollution potentials of megacities and other major population centers, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 6, 13323-13366.
Butler, T. M., M. G. Lawrence, B. Gurjar,  J. van Aardenne, M. Schultz ,  J. Lelieveld,  (2006): The representation of emissions from megacities in global emissions inventories, Atmos. Env., In Review.
Lawrence, M. G., P. J. Crutzen, (1999): Influence of NOx emissions from ships on tropospheric photochemistry and climate, Nature, 402, 167-170.
Beirle, S., U. Platt, M. Wenig, T. Wagner, (2003): Weekly cycle of NO2 by GOME measurements: A signature of anthropogenic sources. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 3, 2225-2232.
Beirle, S., Platt, U.,Wenig, M., Wagner, T., (2004): Highly resolved global distribution of tropospheric NO2 using GOME narrow swath mode data, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 4, 1913-1924.

FP7 EC MEGAPOLI, 2008-2011