Partner 3 - MPIC
(Germany) - Co-coordinator
Max Planck Institute for Chemistry
Expertise and experience of the organization
The Max Planck Institute for Chemistry was established
in Mainz in 1949, and focuses on the chemistry of the atmosphere, particle
chemistry, biogeochemistry, remote sensing for Earth systems sciences, and
chemistry of the geosphere. Prof. Jos Lelieveld leads the atmospheric chemistry
department. The modelling group, led by Dr. Mark Lawrence, has many years
of experience in global tropospheric, stratospheric, and mesospheric chemistry
modelling, chemistry-climate coupling, support and analysis of field campaigns,
and satellite data analysis.
Role and contribution
MPIC will co-coordinate the project and will participate
in WP 1, 5, 6 and 8, providing global model simulations of the impacts of
megacities on atmospheric composition and climate, collaborating on the development
of emissions datasets for sensitivity and scenario studies, and on the interpretation
of scenario runs for evaluating mitigation strategies, as well as working
actively towards the dissemination of the results to the scientific community
and stakeholders (public and policy makers).
Principal personnel involved
Dr. Mark Lawrence, who will act as the
PI for MEGAPOLI, received his Ph.D. in Earth and Atmospheric Sciences in 1996
from the Georgia Institute of Technology (main thesis advisor: Prof. Paul
J. Crutzen). From 2000-2005 he led an independent junior research group at
the MPIC, funded by the German Ministry (BMBF), which focused on modelling
studies of tropical tropospheric photochemistry. Since 2006 he has led the
modelling group of the Department of Atmospheric Chemistry. Dr. Lawrence has
several years of experience in the development of photochemical models, being
one of the co-developers of the Model of Atmospheric Transport and Chemistry
(MATCH), and has also been involved in using models to plan and analyze field
campaigns. He has over 80 (co)authored publications, including a couple
recent papers on aspects of pollution from megacities. A current postdoc
in his group, Dr. Tim Butler, would perform most of the funded work within
Prof. Jos Lelieveld graduated in the Netherlands at Leiden
University from the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences (1984), and
has a Ph.D. from the Faculty of Physics and Astronomy at Utrecht University
(1990). He was a scientist at the MPIC from 1987-1993, a professor at Wageningen
University from 1993-1996 and at Utrecht University from 1996-2000, and has
been director at the MPIC since 2000. His research interests concentrate on
the processes that control ozone and other photo-oxidants in the troposphere.
Prof. Thomas Wagner led the satellite remote sensing group
in the Institute for Environmental Physics at the University of Heidelberg
until 2006, when he came to the MPIC to lead the newly formed satellite remote
sensing group there. He has many years of experience in developing new
retrieval algorithms for IR/Vis/UV satellite instruments, especially GOME
and SCIAMACHY, and is the author of numerous papers applying these data to
understand current issues in tropospheric pollution, such as the outflow from
major urban regions, and trends in pollution levels.
Prof. Stephan Borrmann is director of the Particle Chemistry
Department of MPIC in Mainz, which has developed an extensive capability for
making in-situ aerosol measurements, including a mobile laboratory.
This group has expressed an interest in participating in the Paris plume field
campaign on institute or national funding, if possible.
Prof. Paul J. Crutzen (Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1995) was
director of the Atmospheric Chemistry Department of the MPIC in Mainz until
summer 2000 and since then he is Prof. Emeritus at MPIC. He will be on the
advisory board for the project.
Selected relevant publications
Lawrence, M. G., T. M. Butler, J. Steinkamp,
B. R. Gurjar, J. Lelieveld, (2006): Regional pollution potentials of megacities
and other major population centers, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 6, 13323-13366.
Butler, T. M., M. G. Lawrence, B. Gurjar, J. van Aardenne,
M. Schultz , J. Lelieveld, (2006): The representation of emissions
from megacities in global emissions inventories, Atmos. Env., In Review.
Lawrence, M. G., P. J. Crutzen, (1999): Influence of NOx emissions
from ships on tropospheric photochemistry and climate, Nature, 402, 167-170.
Beirle, S., U. Platt, M. Wenig, T. Wagner, (2003): Weekly cycle
of NO2 by GOME measurements: A signature of anthropogenic sources. Atmos.
Chem. Phys., 3, 2225-2232.
Beirle, S., Platt, U.,Wenig, M., Wagner, T., (2004): Highly resolved
global distribution of tropospheric NO2 using GOME narrow swath mode data,
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 4, 1913-1924.
FP7 EC MEGAPOLI, 2008-2011