Partner 1 - DMI (Denmark) - Coordinator
The Danish Meteorological Institute

Expertise and experience of the organization
DMI is the national meteorological service for Denmark, Greenland and Faeroe Islands. DMI has a long-lasting experience in atmospheric environment and climate modelling including development, running and analysing 3D atmospheric models for both operational use and research in weather forecast, climate change and long-range dispersion, transformation and deposition of pollutants. The Meteorological Research Division, MRD (HIRLAM and atmospheric pollution) and the Danish Climate Centre, DCC (HIRHAM) at DMI involves about 40 scientists. The DCC has extensive experience in climate modelling. The regional climate model HIRHAM which has been developed jointly by DMI and Max Planck Institute for Meteorology in Hamburg has been extensively employed in resolutions down to 12 km. DMI is furthermore involved in the regional model inter-comparison study PIRCS, under which extensive simulations using GCM boundary conditions from the Hadley Centre for present day climate and climate change simulations over USA have been conducted. The DCC has been involved in several international research projects on global and regional climate modelling funded by EU, including “Regionalization of Anthropogenic Climate Change”, RACCS; TUNDRA; “Global implications of Arctic climate processes and feedbacks”, GLIMPSE; “Prediction of Regional scenarios and Uncertainties for Defining EuropeaN Climate change risks and Effects”, PRUDENCE; and ENSEMBLES projects. The Air Quality Research Group, AQRG, of MRD has extensive experience in all forms of dispersion in the atmosphere of harmful substances or substances causing inconveniences. This includes air pollution modelling problems such as smog and ozone arising from emissions from industry, power plants, house warming, urban traffic, nuclear emergency, and pollen forecasting. The AQRG has been involved in several international research projects on atmospheric dispersion and chemistry relevant to the present application. Mostly these projects have been funded by EU, e.g. arctic surface ozone depletion (ARCTOC), DMS and aerosol impact on the climate (ELCID), forecasting of urban environment (FUMAPEX), Arctic Risk (AR-NARP), create a new European operational system for global monitoring of atmospheric chemistry and dynamics, and an operational system to produce improved medium-range and short-range air-chemistry forecasts (GEMS), and in several projects on nuclear emergency preparedness (ENSEMBLE, RODOS, RTMOD, ETEX).

Role and contribution

Overall coordination of the project (WP9); improvement and evaluation of parameterization for the urban-regional meteorology (WP2); modelling the interaction between air-quality and meteorology/climate using on-line coupled model DMI-ENVIRO-HIRLAM (WP4); regional air quality and inverse (source determination) modelling using DMI-ENVIRO-HIRLAM/ CAC (WP5), regional climate modelling using HIRHAM (WP6); and will be one of the key-developer of the integrated urban-regional-global tool (WP7).

Principal personnel involved
Dr. Alexander Baklanov, Senior Scientist at MRD of DMI, vice-director of Danish strategic research centre for Energy, Environment and Heath (CEEH); has 20 years of experience in developing and applying numerical atmospheric dynamics and dispersion models at different scales: from local- to meso- and regional scales; modelling of atmospheric boundary layer, atmospheric aerosol dynamics and air pollution transport over complex terrain. He has published over 200 scientific-technical publications, including 10 books and more than 80 peer-reviewed papers. Has worked in Russia, Sweden, Austria and Denmark in international teams. Participated in EU-funded projects (RTMOD, SFINCS, ENSEMBLE, COST-715: Urban meteorology, INTAS), and was/is co-ordinator and principal investigator of several international projects, including the Arctic Risk, FUMAPEX and EnviroRISKS projects. Will be a co-ordinator of the Project.
Dr. Jens Hesselbjerg Christensen has been employed at DMI since 1990 after taking his Ph.D. He is a senior scientist with a long experience in numerical climate research and in regional climate modelling (RCM). He started the RCM at DMI and participated in the construction and development of the HIRHAM model. He has been the PI for the DMI contribution to several international projects. He was a lead author on the IPCC 3rd assessment report (WGI), Ch. 10 "Regional Climate Information – Evaluation and Projections", and a contributing author to the ACIA report, Ch. 4 " Future climate change: Modelling and Scenarios for the Arctic region" and he is currently one of the two co-ordinating lead authors on the IPCC 4th assessment report (WGI), Ch. 11 “Regional Projections”. Presently, he serves as a member of the CliC numerical exper. group under the World Climate Research Program (WCRP). He has been actively involved in several EU supported research projects, such as ESOP, ESOP2, TUNDRA, GLIMPSE; and PRUDENCE (overall coordinator). He is one of the key leading scientists in ENSEMBLES project.
Dr. Allan Gross, is a Senior Scientist at MRD of DMI and Res. Ass. Prof. at the University of Copenhagen. He has research experience in modelling of stratospheric, tropospheric and atmos. boundary layer chemistry and transport, and experience with molecular-dynamic modelling and statistical methods used to calculate rate constant for atmospheric chemical reactions. Has published 40 scientific publications, including 15 peer reviewed papers. Participated in many EU-funded projects (e.g. EL CID, SAMORA, RAMAS, GEMS), international, and national projects, e.g. The Copenhagen Center for Atmospheric Research (CCAR).

Selected relevant publications
Baklanov, A., A. Rasmussen, B. Fay, E. Berge, S. Finardi (2002): Potential and Shortcomings of Numerical Weather Prediction Models in Providing Meteorological Data for Urban Air Pollution Forecasting. Water, Air and Soil Poll.: Focus, 2(5-6): 43-60.
Baklanov, A., O. Hänninen, L. H. Slørdal, J. Kukkonen, N. Bjergene, B. Fay, S. Finardi, S. C. Hoe, M. Jantunen, A. Karppinen, A. Rasmussen, A. Skouloudis, R. S. Sokhi, J. H. Sørensen, V. Ødegaard (2007): Integrated systems for forecasting urban meteorology, air pollution and population exposure. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 855-874.
Christensen, J.H., O.B. Christensen, (2003): Severe Summer Flooding in Europe, Nature, 421, 805-806.
Christensen J.H., J. Räisänen, T. Iversen, D. Bjørge, O.B. Christensen, M. Rummukainen, (2001): A synthesis of regional climate change simulations -A Scandinavian perspective. Geoph. Res. Lett., 28, 1003-1006.
Chenevez, J., A. Baklanov, J. H. Sørensen, (2004):  Pollutant Transport Schemes Integrated in a Numerical Weather Prediction Model: Model description and Verification Results. Meteorological Applications, 11(3), 265-275.
Gross, A., Baklanov A., (2004): Modelling the influence of dimethyl sulphide on the aerosol production in the marine boundary layer, International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 22(1/2): 51-71.
Penenko, V., A. Baklanov, E. Tsvetova, (2002): Methods of sensitivity theory and inverse modelling for estimation of source term. Future Generation Computer Systems, 18: 661-671.

FP7 EC MEGAPOLI, 2008-2011